Radiometric dating relative dating
Most of the elements in nature are stable and do not change.
However, some elements are not completely stable in their natural state.
A carbon-oxygen bond is more polar than a carbon-hydrogen bond, because the difference in electronegativity between carbon and oxygen is greater than the difference in electronegativity between carbon and hydrogen.
The bond between carbon and chlorine is more polar than the bond between carbon and sulfur.
However, some Christians suggest that the geologic dating techniques are unreliable, that they are wrongly interpreted, or that they are confusing at best.
If there are a lot of atoms of the original element, called the parent element, the atoms decay to another element, called the daughter element, at a predictable rate.
When the glass is turned over, sand runs from the top to the bottom.
Radioactive atoms are like individual grains of sand--radioactive decays are like the falling of grains from the top to the bottom of the glass.
This paper describes in relatively simple terms how a number of the dating techniques work, how accurately the half-lives of the radioactive elements and the rock dates themselves are known, and how dates are checked with one another.
In the process the paper refutes a number of misconceptions prevalent among Christians today.
But because God has also called us to wisdom, this issue is worthy of study.